1. Abbott TEF, Ahmad T, Phull MK, Fowler AJ, Hewson R, Biccard BM et al. The surgical safety checklist and patient outcomes after surgery: a prospective observational cohort study, systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2018; 120 (1) 146-155


  1. Abbott TEF, Fowler AJ, Pelosi P, Biccard BM et al. A systematic review and consensus definitions for standardised end-points in perioperative medicine: pulmonary complications. Br J Anaesth 2018 May; 120(5): 1066-1079


  1. Adembesa I, Myburgh A, Swanevelder J. Quadruple valve replacement in a patient with severe rheumatic heart disease. Echo Res Pract 2018; doi: 10.1530/ERP-18-0005
  2. Barnes R, Jelsma J, Parker R. Joint pain within adult middle-aged women, attending a community clinic in a peri-urban area in South Africa: a cross-sectional survey. Disability and Rehabilitation 2018; https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1428368


  1. Bester K, Meyer H, Crowther M, Gray R. Anaesthesia for paediatric patients: Minimising the risk.  SAMJ 2018; 108(6); 457-459
  2. Biccard BM, Green-Thompson L. Socially accountable anaesthesia: matching human resources with community need for safe care. Anaesthesia 2018; 1-4
  3. Biccard BM, Madiba TE, Kluyts HL et al. Perioperative patient outcomes in the African Surgical Outcomes Study: a 7-day prospective observational cohort study.  The Lancet 2018;   https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30001-1
  4. Biccard BM. Improving the evidence-base for preoperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing.  British Journal of Anaesthesia 2018; 120 (3); 419-421
  5. Biccard BM. Postoperative Troponin Elevation, Myocardial Injury, and Pulmonary Embolism. Editorial. Anesth Anal 2018; 126 (5) 1435-1437


  1. Biccard BM. The clinical utility of preoperative functional assessment. Comment. The Lancet 2018; 391; 2580-2581


  1. Biccard BM, Sigamani A, Chan MTV et al. Effect of aspirin in vascular surgery in patients from a randomized clinical trial (POISE-2). Br J Surg 2018; doi: 10.1002/bjs.10925


  1. Biccard BM, Scott DJ, Ashbridge MD, Chan MTV, Archbold A, et al. Myocardial Injury After Noncardiac Surgery (MINS) in Vascular Surgical Patients: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study. Ann Surg 2018 Aug; 268(2): 357-363


  1. Buddeberg BS, Fernandes NL, Vorster A, Cupido BJ, Lombard CJ, Swanevelder JL, Girard T, Dyer RA. Cardiac Structure and Function in Morbidly Obese Parturients: An Echocardiographic Study. Anesth Analg. 2018 Jun 5 [Epub ahead of print]


  1. Buggy DJ, Freeman J, Johnson MZ, Biccard BM et al. Systematic review and consensus definitions for standardised endpoints in perioperative medicine: postoperative cancer outcomes. Br J Anaesth 2018 Jul; 121(1) : 38-44


  1. Buse GL, Manns B, Lamy A Guyatt G, Biccard BM et al. Troponin T monitoring to detect myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery: a cost-consequence analysis. Can J Surg  2018 Jun; 61(3): 185 -194
  2. Coetzee E, Biccard BM, Dyer RA, Meyersfeld ND et al. Incidence of myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery: Experience at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. SAMJ  2018; 108 (5); 408-412
  3. Coetzee E, Biccard BM. Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery: Time to shed the ignorance. SAMJ 2018; 108(6); 464-467


  1. Conradie A, Duys R, Forget P, Biccard BM. Barriers to clinical research in Africa: a quantitative and qualitative survey of clinical researchers in 27 African countries. BJA 2018;121(4):813-821
  2. Crowther M, van der Spuy K, Roodt F, Nejthardt MB, Cloete E, Flint M, Swanevelder JLC, Biccard BM. The relationship between pre-operative hypertension and intra-operative haemodynamic changes known to be associated with postoperative morbidity. Anaesthesia 2018; doi:10.1111/anae.14239
  3. Devereaux PJ, Duceppe E, Biccard BM et al. Dabigatran in patients with myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MANAGE): an international, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. The Lancet  2018; 391; 2325-2334
  4. Duceppe E, Yusuf S, Tandon V, Rodseth R, Biccard BM et al. Design of a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial to Assess Dabigatran and Omeprazole in Patients with Myocardial Injury after Noncardiac Surgery (MANAGE). Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2018; 1-8
  5. Du Toit L, Biesman-Simons T, et al. A practical approach to managing diabetes in the peri-operative period. SAMJ  2018; 108 (5); 369-375
  6. Du Toit L, van Dyk D, Hofmeyr R, Lombard C, Dyer R. Core Temperature Monitoring in Obstetric Spinal Anesthesia Using an Ingestible Telemetric Sensor. Anesth Analg  2018 Jan;126(1): 190-195. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002326


  1. Dyer RA. Has palpation of the radial pulse become redundant in modern anaesthesia? A reply. Anaesthesia 2018 Jun; 73(6): 791-792
  2. Dyer RA, Daniels A, Vorster A, Emmanuel A, Arcache MJ, Schulein A, Reed AR, Lombard CJ, James MF, van Dyk D. Maternal cardiac output response to colloid preload and vasopressor therapy during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section in patients with severe pre-eclampsia: a randomised, controlled trial. Anaesthesia 2018; 73; 23-31


  1. Dyer RA, Emmanuel A, Adams SC, Lombard CJ, Arcache MJ, Vorster A Wong CA, Higgins N, Reed AR, James MF, Joolay Y, Schulein S, van Dyk D. A randomised comparison of bolus phenylephrine and ephedrine for the management of spinal hypotension in patients with severe preeclampsia and fetal compromise. Int J Obstet Anesth 2018 Feb; 33:23-31
  2. Ekbal NJ, Hennis P, Dyson A, Mythen M, James MFM et al. The anion study: effect of different crystalloid solutions on acid base balance, physiology, and survival in a rodent model of acute isovolaemic haemodilution.  British Journal of Anaesthesia 2018; 120 (6); 1412-1419
  3. Falter F, Razzaq N, John M, Hofmeyr R. Clinical Evaluation of Measuring the ACT during Elective Cardiac Surgery with Two Different Devices. The Journal of ExtraCorporeal Technology 2018; 50: 38-43
  4. Galloway KM, Parker R. Could an increase in vigilance for spinal tuberculosis at primary health care level, enable earlier diagnosis at district level in a tuberculosis endemic country? Afr J Prm Health Care Fam Med  2018; 10 (1) a1666


  1. Gibbs MW, van Dyk D, Dyer RA. Managing spinal hypotension during caesarean section: An update. SAMJ  2018; 108 (6); 460-463
  2. Gordon P. Nagin Parbhoo anaesthesia museum plays an important part in education. SAMA INSIDER  2018
  3. Gorka J, Polok K, Fronczek J, Biccard B. Myocardial Injury is More Common than Deep Venous Thrombosis after Vascular Surgery and is Associated with a High One Year Mortality Risk. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery  2018; doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2018.02.005


  1. Graham MM, Sessler DI, Parlow JL, Biccard BM et al. Aspirin in Patients with Previous Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Feb; 168(4): 237-244


  1. Hadebe N, Cour M, Lecour S. The SAFE pathway for cardio protection: is this a promising target?. Basic Research in Cardiology 2018 113:9
  2. Hauser ND, Swanevelder J. Trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TOE): contra-indications, complications and safety of perioperative TOE. Echo Res Pract 2018; [Epub ahead of print ] doi.org/10.1530/ERP-18-0047


  1. Higgins N, Fitzgerald PC, van Dyk D, Dyer RA, Rodriquez N, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA. The Effect of Prophylactic Phenylephrine and Ephedrine Infusions on Umbilical Artery Blood pH in Women With Preeclampsia Undergoing Cesarean Delivery With Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized, Double-Blind Trial. Anesth Analg 2018 Jun; 126(6):1999-2006
  2. Hofmeyr R, Duys R. Airway Management Education: Are we teaching what we think we are teaching? Editorial. SAJAA 2018; 24 (2)
  3. Hollman C. Fernandes NL, Biccard BM. A Systematic Review of Outcomes Associated With Withholding or Continuing Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Before Noncardiac Surgery. Anesth Anal  2018 Jan 29. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002837.
  4. Kinsella SM, Carvalho B, Dyer RA et al. International consensus statement on the management of hypotension with vasopressors during caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2018; 17; 71-92
  5. Kluyts HL, le Manach Y, Munlemvo DM, Biccard BM. The ASOS Surgical Risk Calculator: development and validation of a tool for identifying African surgical patients at risk of severe postoperative complications. BJA 2018: doi:10.1016/j.bja.2018.08.005


  1. Marsicano D, Hauser N, Roodt F, Cloete E, Conradie W, Morford V, Nel D, Bishop DG, Madiba TE, Biccard BM. Preoperative anaemia and clinical outcomes in the South African Surgical Outcomes Study. SAMJ  2018; 108 (10); 839-845


  1. Mazer CD, Whitlock RP, Fergusson DA, Biccard BM et al. Six-Month Outcomes after Restrictive or Liberal Transfusion for Cardiac Surgery. N Engl J Med 2018 Sep 27; 379(13): 1224-1233. Doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1808561. Epub 2018 Aug 26. PubMed PMID:30146969
  2. Myles PS, Boney O, Botti M, Biccard BM et al. Systematic review and consensus definitions for the Standardised Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine (StEP) initiative: patient comfort. Br J Anaesth 2018; 120: 705-11


  1. Neethling E, Roodt F, Beck C, Swanevelder JLC. Point-of-care and lung ultrasound incorporated in daily practice. SAMJ  2018; 108 (5); 376-381
  2. Ortner CM, Krishnamoorthy V, Neethling E, Flint M, Swanevelder JL, Lombard C, Fawcus S, Dyer RA. Point-of Care Ultrasound Abnormalities in Late-Onset Severe Preeclampsia. Prevalence and Association With Serum Albumin and Brain Natriuretic Peptide. Anesth Analg 2018 Sep 10. [Epub ahead of print]


  1. Parker R, Higgins Z, Mlombile Z et al. The effects of warm water immersion on blood pressure, heart rate and heart rate variability in people with chronic fatigue syndrome. South African Journal of Physiotherapy 2018; doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v74i1.442
  2. Plenge U, Nortje MB, Marais LC et al. Optimising perioperative care for hip and knee arthroplasty in South Africa: a Delphi consensus study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders  2018; 19:140; doi.org/10.1186/s 12891-018-2062-2
  3. Pretorius T, van Rensburg G, Dyer RA, Biccard BM. The influence of fluid management on outcomes in preeclampsia; a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia; 2018


  1. Riley ET, Dyer RA, Carvalho B. Left Uterine Tilt for Cesarean Delivery Significantly Improves Maternal Hemodynamics and Should Not Be Considered Outdated Dogma. Anesthesiology 2018 Apr; 128(4):858-859
  2. Scherman J, da Silva N, Myburgh A, Pennel T. Pedunculated aortic thrombus propagating from the right coronary artery in a patient with IgA nephropathy. European Heart Journal 2018; doi:101093/eurheartj/ehy282


  1. Swanevelder JLC, Firmin RK. Extracorporeal Circulatory/Life Support: An Update. J Card Crit Care TSS 2017;1:65-71


  1. Swanevelder JLC, Gordon PC, Brink JG, Gutsche JT, Dyer RA, Augoustides JG. Fifty Years: Reflections Since the First Successful Heart Transplant. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2018 Feb; 32(1):14-18


  1. Szczeklik W, Krzanowski M, Maga P, Biccard B et al. Myocardial injury after endovascular revascularization in critical limb ischemia predicts 1-year mortality: a prospective observational cohort study. Clin Res Cardiol 2018 Apr; 107(4): 319-328


  1. Van der Spuy K, Crowther M, Nejthardt M, Roodt F, Davids J, Roos J, Cloete E, Pretorius T, Davies G, van der Walt J, van der Westhuizen C, Flint M, Swanevelder J, Biccard B. A multicentre, cross-sectional study investigating the prevalence of hypertensive disease in patients presenting for elective surgery in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. S Afr Med J 2018; 108(7): 590-595


  1. Van der Walt JG, Roodt F, Tinley C.  How does sevoflurane induction, followed by a ketamine maintenance infusion, affect intraocular pressure? Establishment of an anaesthetic protocol for paediatric glaucoma examinations under anaesthesia. Br J Ophthalmol 2018; 102: 902-905


  1. Veronese LR, Miller M, Spearman WC. Thromboelastography in mild, chronic liver disease: challenging conventional coagulation tests preceding liver biopsy. S Afr Med J 2018; 24(5):135-139
  2. White SM, Altermatt F, Barry J, Porrill O, Montoya-Pelaez LF. International Fragility Fracture Network Delphi consensus statement on the principles of anaesthesia for patients with hip fracture. Anaesthesia  2018; 73; 863-874; doi:10.1111/anae.14225