• Adetimehin AD, Mole CG, Finaughty DA, Heyns M. 2023. Parasitic and predatory behavior of Alysia manducator (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on blow fly larvae feeding on an adult pig carcass in the Western Cape Province of South Africa – preliminary observations and forensic implications. Int J Leg Med. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-023-03001-5 
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  • Baliso A, Heathfield LJ, Gibbon VE. 2023. Forensic human identifcation: retrospective investigation of anthropological assessments in the Western Cape, South Africa. Int J Leg Med. 137:793-807. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-022-02870-6 
  • Davies B, Hlela MBKM, Rother H. 2023. Child and adolescent mortality associated with pesticide toxicity in Cape Town, South Africa, 2010–2019: a retrospective case review. BMC Public Health. 23:792. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15652-5 
  • Heathfield LJ, Martin, LJ, van der Heyde Y, Molefe I, Ramesar R. 2023. Clinical exome sequencing elucidates underlying cause of death in sudden unexpected death of infants: two case reports. Int J Leg Med. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-023-03065-3 
  • Mole CG, Stynder DD, Gibbon VE. 2023. Traumatic cubitus valgus consequent of distal humeral fracture: Two case studies from the Holocene Later Stone Age in southern Africa. Int J Paleopathol. 43:7 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2023.07.001 
  • Mole CG, Stynder DD, Sealy JC, Gibbon VE. 2023. Precolonial violence: Analysis of traumatic injuries from a communal burial site in South Africa. In: Program of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Biological Anthropologists. Am J Biol Anthr. 180:120. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24731 
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  • Navsaria PH, Marineau LA, Maqungo S, Prinsloo M, Molefe IJ, Hodkinson P. 2023. The firearm pandemic: Time to act and flatten the curve. S Afr Med J. 113:113-114. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2023.v113i3.316 
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  • Reid KM, Martin LJ, Heathfield LJ. 2023. Understanding the burden of unidentified bodies: A systematic review. Int J Leg Med. 137: 1193–1202. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-023-02968-5 
  • Rowbotham S, Mole CG, Tieppo D, Blaszkowsska M, Cordner S, Blau S. 2023. Average thickness of the bones of the human neurocranium: Development of reference measurements to assist with blunt force trauma interpretations. Int J Leg Med. 137:195-213. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-022-02824-y 


  • Adetimehin AD, Mole CG, Finaughty DA, Heyns M. 2022. Caught in the act: impact of Crematogaster cf. liengmei (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) necrophagous behavior on neonate pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus L.) in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Int J Leg Med. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-022-02835-9 
  • Dinkele ES, Kirk G, Martin LJ. 2022. Medico-legal death investigation systems - South Africa. Sri Lanka J Forensic Med Sci Law. 13 (special issue): 50-52. https://doi.org/10.4038/sljfmsl.v13i0.7922 
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  • Finaughty C, Heathfield LJ, Kemp V, Marquez-Grant N. 2022. Forensic DNA extraction methods for human hard tissue: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of technologies and sample type. Forensic Sci Int: Genetics. 63:102818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2022.102818 
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  • Heathfield LJ, Hitewa AN, Gibbon A, Mole CG. 2022. The effect of nucleospin forensic filters on DNA recovery from trace DNA swabs. Sci Justice. 62: 284 - 287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2022.03.001 
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  • Artz L, Swanepoel M, Nagdee M, Combrinck H, Kaliski S, Stein DJ, Butterworth J. 2021. ICD-11 Paraphilic Disorders: A South African Analysis of Its Utility in the Medico-Legal Context. Journal of Sexual Medicine. 18(3): 526-538. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.12.005 
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  • Bennett T, Gibbon VE, Taylor LD, Heathfield LJ. 2021. Sex estimation for forensic human identification: a case report of discordance between anthropological assessment and DNA analysis (abstract). In: Program of the 90th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. American J Phys Anthr. 174: 9-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24262 
  • Bennett, T., Martin, L.J., and Heathfield, L.J. 2021. Local recommendations for death scene investigation of SUDI cases based on prospective observations. South African Medical Journal. 111(5) 448-452. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i5.15305 
  • Heathfield, L.J., Haikney, T., Mole, C.G., Finaughty, C., Zachou, A.M. and Gibbon, V.E. 2021. Forensic human identification: Investigation into tooth morphotype and DNA extraction methods from teeth. Science and Justice. 61, 4, 339-344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2021.05.005 
  • Heathfield, L.J., Watkins, H., Martin, L.J., and Ramesar, R.S. 2021. Massively parallel sequencing of 43 arrhythmia genes in a selected SUDI cohort from Cape Town. Journal of Pediatric Genetics. In press. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1726471 
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  • Winterbach, M., Hattingh, C. and Heathfield, L.J. 2021. Retrospective study of sudden unexpected death of infants in the Garden Route and Central Karoo districts of South Africa: causes of death and epidemiological factors. South African Journal of Child Health. A15(2), 74-82.


  • Wykes M, Artz L. 2020. What's law got to do with it?' Comparing the failure to deter or convict rapists in the United Kingdom and South Africa. International Review of Victimology. 26(2):212-233. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269758019886510 
  • Artz L, Klazinga L, Müller A. 2020. Sexual and gender-based violence and HIV in South Africa: An HIV facility-based study. S Afr M J. 110(5): 377-381. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i5.13942 
  • Bennett T, Martin LJ, Heathfield LJ. 2020. A retrospective study of death scene investigation practices for sudden unexpected death of infants (SUDI) in Cape Town, South Africa. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 16: 49–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12024-019-00206-2 
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  • du Plessis M, Date-Chong M, Liebenberg L. 2020. Lodox®: the invaluable radiographic solution in the forensic setting. Int J Legal Med. 134: 655-662. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02116-y 
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  • Finaughty, C., Reid, K.M., Alli, I.H. and Heathfield, L.J. 2020. A first for forensic genetics in Africa: successful identification of skeletal remains from the marine environment using massively parallel sequencing. Forensic Science International: Genetics. 49, 102370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102370  
  • Heathfield LJ, Bhengu W, Louw S, Martin LJ, Ramesar RS. 2020. Assessment of candidate variants causative of inborn metabolic diseases in SUDI cases in South Africa, and a case report.  Int J Legal Med. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-020-02337-6 
  • Heathfield, L.J., Martin, L.J., and Ramesar, R.S. 2020. A 5-year retrospective analysis of infant death at Salt River Mortuary, Cape Town. South African Journal of Child Health. 14(3). https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCH.2020.v14i3.1720 
  • Liebling H, Barrett H, Artz L. 2020. Sexual and gender-based violence and torture experiences of Sudanese refugees in Northern Uganda: Health and justice response. International journal of Migration, Health and Social Care 16(4): 389-414. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-10-2019-0081 
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  • Reid, K.M., and Heathfield, L.J. 2020. Allele frequency data for 23 Y-chromosome short tandem repeats (STRs) for the South African population. Forensic Sci Int: Genetics. 46: 102270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102270 
  • Reid KM, Martin LJ, Heathfield LJ. 2020. Bodies without names: a retrospective review of unidentified decedents at Salt River Medico-Legal Mortuary, South Africa (2010 – 2017). S Afr Med J. 110(3): 223-228. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i3.14192 
  • Reid, K.M. and Heathfield, L.J. 2020. Evaluation of direct PCR for routine DNA profiling of non-decomposed deceased individuals. Science and Justice. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2020.08.004 
  • Tawha T, Dinkele E, Mole CG, Gibbon VE. 2020. Assessing zygomatic shape and size for estimating sex and ancestry in a South African sample. Sci Justice. 60(3): 284 – 292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2020.01.003 


  • Mole CG. 2019. Trends in manner and cause of death over a 10 year period (2007 – 2016) at a regional forensic pathology facility, Cape Town, South Africa. Aust J Forensic Sci. 51: S197 – 200. https://doi.org/0.1080/00450618.2019.1569134 
  • Heathfield LJMartin LJ, and Ramesar, RS. 2019. Massively parallel sequencing in sudden unexpected death in infants: a case report in South Africa. Forensic Sci Int: Genet Suppl Ser. 7(1): 459-461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigss.2019.10.051 
  • Finaughty C, Gibbon VE, Speed B, Heathfield LJ. 2019. Lost at sea: A pilot study investigating DNA recovery from teeth in a South African natural marine environment. Forensic Sci Int: Genet Suppl Ser. 7(1): 580-581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigss.2019.10.097 
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  • Mathews S, Abrahams N, Martin LJ, Lombard C, Jewkes R. 2019. Homicide pattern among adolescents: a national epidemiological study of child homicide in South Africa. PLoS ONE. 14(8):e0221415. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221415 
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