The NHLS Microbiology Diagnostic laboratory, located within Groote Schuur Hospital, provides clinical microbiology services to a number of facilities, including Groote Schuur, Red Cross Children's, Victoria, Mowbray Maternity, False Bay and UCT Private Academic Hospitals. The laboratory has been accredited by the South African National Accreditation Service (SANAS) since 2002. The tests offered include routine microbiological testing such as microscopy, culture and susceptibility testing for a wide range of organisms, including most common clinically significant bacteria, certain fastidious organisms, mycobacteria, fungi and parasites. In addition, molecular testing is performed for direct detection of bacteria in certain samples, for identification of unusual organisms such as Bordetella pertussis, and for rapid susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis